career and education decisions


Career, further and higher education decisions are amongst the most important every student has to make preferably before the end of compulsory education at 16.
To make one decision that is most accurate, apparent thorough and for the right reasons in the context of rapidly changing labour market, read the Bite-Sized Sections below and on the following pages, once you have worked through it all to the end, Everything Will Click Into Place and in no time you will be good to go regardless of whether you had No Idea, One Idea But Not Sure About It or Too Many Ideas initially.

Simple fact about labour market

A job is something that everyone be native or immigrant has a responsibility to seek out not an entitlement (something that everyone has a right to do or have).
Labour market like any market has two sides, people seeking employment as sellers and employers as buyers and theories of supply and demand for labour apply in most instances. A job vacancy is a derived demand, it can be brand new or vacated post. People seeking employment compete to fill job vacancies.
Factors below affect employment prospects worldwide:

  1. Economic rent - value of wages earned that cover the basic costs of living - rent/mortgage, electricity, gas, water and sewerage bills, clothing, food and so forth that is necessary to keep an employee in his/her current employment.
  2. Geographical mobility of labour - the degree to which people are able and willing to move from one geographical area to another or change an employers.
  3. Occupational mobility of labour - the degree to which people are able and willing to move from one particular job to an unrelated one.

Professions and highly skilled occupations tend to have higher wages, low occupational mobility due to the curse of higher qualifications and occupational experience requirements but high geographical;
elementary occupations tend to have low wages, both high geographical and occupational mobility, the blessing of low qualifications and experience requirements.
To learn more about occupations, follow this link occupational classifications


Irreversible globalization and constantly changing technology are agents that accelerate significant changes in labour mobility and no one is protected or exempted from their effects, where globalization allows for little or no restriction of movement of labour across international borders, technology wipes out some jobs (skillset obsolescence), changes and creates others; together they eliminate job security (job for life) in most sectors and confine local to geography, local jobs for local people to history.

fact about careers and world of work in general

World of work (employees and employers) at large operate according to different norms to those in education, it does not hold particular skills you gained whilst in education in the same regard as teachers do neither does promise the greatest success for the brightest and most deserving, as for careers, all of them be conventional or otherwise are overrated as most of what every employee does daily for punters (customers, clients) is repetitive and boring, a consequence of division of labour as a result, the least disappointed are people that treated their careers as marriage of convenience (marriage contracted for financial reasons not for love) regarding the compensation they get in wages as more important than anything else as for employers, for control purposes, they are more or less the same, that is, bureaucratic as they share in common system of rules, hierarchy of authority (top, middle, low tiers of management) and specialization in their structures.

Specialization creates an imbalance between those with superior domain-specific (subject/field) experience, knowledge or skill in one word experts and those without or novices respectively and thus justifies the exclusion of the later.

Example: Medical field
  1. Orthopaedic surgeon is for prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disorders of the bones, joints, ligaments, tendons and muscles.
  2. Plastic surgeon is for repair and reconstruction of missing or damaged tissue and skin.
  3. Neurosurgeon is for disorders of the central and peripheral nervous system.
Domain-specific experience, knowledge or skill is not transferable across domains, and thus, orthopaedic surgeon is justifiably excluded from plastic and neurosurgery jobs respectively and the other way round.
In other words, if you want to make a career out of something, you must have to become a master of it as being a jack of all trades and a master of none will not get you far.

Correlation between careers and qualifications

Qualifications, specific or general, when they strictly refer to Knowledge one has acquired not Certificates with Grades to show one has completed required schooling or training from an officially recognized or authorized institution at an expensive university degree level or equivalent cheaper but limited higher vocational or apprenticeship serve as absolutely necessary minimum entry requirement to most traditional careers, meaning, career aspirations must match your educational goals, do not leave school at 16 with no more than compulsory General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) qualifications, follow your native folks into locally available, traditional occupations of elementary nature as that is most likely what you will end up doing throughout your adult working life or worse on and off the dole.

facts and figures:
The subjects that you choose and pursue into further and higher education have influence on what you can and cannot do, the likelihood of getting a job and ease of switching careers later on, use the links below to learn more:
  1. Post-16 subjects.
  2. University subjects
Facts about General and higher education
general education

General education below university level purpose is to coherently give students common essential knowledge and soft/transferable skills at the level and doses that they can take it in and understand fully and use it as their own whilst in education and thereafter in their adult work and social lives.
However, there is not a single agreed criteria on what general education should involve but one rule of thumb is general education is best when curriculum and syllabuses are chosen and developed based on a universal understanding of what subject knowledge and soft/transferable skills are absolutely necessary for the future engaged workers and citizens?
The following subject knowledge and soft/transferable skills are absolutely necessary:
Classroom taught ▼

  1. Basic numeracy - understanding aithmetic, geometry, logic - the connection and combination through eliminating fallacies, statistics - how to reason using trend patterns and probabilities.
  2. Laboratory science - understanding methods that employs empirical experimentation to draw conclusions.
  3. Use of Information and Communications Technology - word processors, email, spreadsheets.
  4. Written And Verbal Communication - understanding the primary building blocks of reading and writing, composition and grammar, the ability to argue properly and avoid argumentum ad hominem - a situation that occurs when an arguer attacks the person that they are engaged in an argument with, rather than the validity of the person's arguments.
  5. Politics and economics - understanding of the world of ideas - freedom is responsibility, enterprise and capitalism.
  6. History - understanding of where we are coming from and the unfolding events and ideas to create an accurate timeline of events that are crucial for knowledge of the world.
self-taught ▼

You can teach yourself leadership, teamwork, personal motivation, organisation and time Management by getting into the habit of asking and answering questions, group discussions, drama and debate sessions, finishing your homework or assignments on time, participating in individual and team sports and so forth respectively, international cultural awareness and commercial awareness.
commercial awareness
Well, this is one subject you are least likely to learn from your parents, relatives, friends, professionals, business people ot taught in the classroom. To cut to the chase, learn it here.
First things first, what is commercial awareness?
Commercial awareness is being conscious of what is happening in a wider business world in relation to a specific enterprise/organization's internal activities.
Following below is a handful of competing multinational corporations (MNC) - corporations with facilities and other assets in at least one country other than their countries of origin and conglomerates - corporations that are made up of a number of different, unrelated businesses without which modern globalization would never have happened in the first place and links to their directly or indirectly competing products/services listed below as examples.

Your task

Use 'About us', Who we are', 'our business', 'company' and 'corporate' web-pages respectively for every corporation or conglomerate below to find out who its customers are, its history, structure, operations and so forth and use business information to see what may affect its daily operations and its future.
From this information you will develop fascinating awareness of what is happening in the world of enterprises.

Consumable goods - Non alcoholic beverages Personal products - Beauty & Grooming Durable goods - Commercial aircraft Services - Global payments Conglomerates - multiple products & services tip:
For anything you are not taught in the classroom, offset by doing it yourself through other sources, in the world of work and enterprise nobody is interested in your sorry stories about how poor your education was they probably went through the same.

A degree major's purpose is to give students depth or expertise in particular fields that often form the basis for their careers. When it comes to choosing a university to attend, rank matters! as there are leading universities and others, the advantage of the leading is the affluent, well-connected home and international students they attract, a priceless alumni, a social capital in an institutionalized form as the network can only be created by attending a specific institution, as for teaching, university is where you do self directed learning and academics with power and control validate your work, as for courses; there are tens of thousands offered without warranty where a prospective student alone is responsible for his/her choices, the easiest way to choose courses is through subjects.

You should pursue a degree only if is absolutely necessary to your chosen career as not only it has a shelf life of no more than five years these days but also in most instances in monetary terms a big investment with poor or no returns.
Always remember; like any investment in an idea, a project or option, it is benefits against the costs, if the benefits outweigh the costs then is worth investing and the other way around.

career choice

Now you have read all the above, you must have realized, you do not need to fuss or worry about any career and therefore to choose, simply, refer to the subjects you are currently taking in a classroom, luckily throughout secondary education before you sit for your GCSE exams, your education is general not specialist and thus covers all or almost all the subjects.
Remember! You are choosing a career now but expect to be doing it in a few years time, therefore, find out about future employment prospects then use job profiles to write down a shortlist of jobs that sounds interesting to you, pick the job you like most based on expected universal real rewards that you can see, touch or experience, such as, salary and fringe benefits, security, promotion opportunities, working conditions and environment as are known facts not personal rewards that have to do with your mind and feelings, such as, enjoyment, appreciation, opportunity to utilize one's abilities, sense of challenge and achievement, recognition and fair treatment that are nothing more than pleasant extra things.

'Choosing a career is one thing, ending up doing it is another'. Success is hinged on preparation. To have a good idea of what preparation involves, read how to get a job