career and education decisions


Career and post-16, further and higher education decisions are amongst the most important every student has to make preferably before the end of compulsory education at 16.
To make one decision that is most accurate, apparent thorough and for the right reasons in the context of rapidly changing labour market you need to have relevant careers information that contains everything that is necessary.

Below and the next two main pages, is the aforementioned information written in Bite-Sized Sections, read all as is, once you have worked through it all to the end, Everything Will Click Into Place and in no time you will be good to go regardless of whether you had No Idea, One Idea But Not Sure About It or Too Many Ideas initially.

Simple fact about labour market

A job is something that everyone be native or immigrant has a responsibility to seek out not an entitlement (something that everyone has a right to do or have).
Labour market like any market has two sides, people seeking employment as sellers and employers as buyers and theories of supply and demand for labour apply in most instances. A job vacancy is a derived demand, it can be brand new or vacated post. People seeking employment compete to fill job vacancies.
Factors below affect employment prospects worldwide:

  1. Economic rent - value of wages earned that cover the basic costs of living - rent/mortgage, electricity, gas, water and sewerage bills, clothing, food and so forth that is necessary to keep an employee in his/her current employment.
  2. Geographical mobility of labour - the degree to which people are able and willing to move from one geographical area to another or change an employers.
  3. Occupational mobility of labour - the degree to which people are able and willing to move from one particular job to an unrelated one.

Professions and highly skilled occupations tend to have higher wages, low occupational mobility due to the curse of higher qualifications and occupational experience requirements but high geographical;
elementary occupations tend to have low wages, both high geographical and occupational mobility, the blessing of low qualifications and experience requirements.
To learn more about occupations, follow this link occupational classifications


Irreversible globalization and constantly changing technology are agents that accelerate significant change in labour mobility and no one is protected or exempted from their effects, where globalization allows for little or no restriction of movement of labour across international borders, technology wipes out some jobs, changes and creates others; together they eliminate job security in most sectors and confine local to geography, local jobs for local people to history.
To learn more about employment prospects, follow this link future jobs

fact about careers and world of work (employees and employers) in general

All careers, conventional or otherwise are overrated as most of what every employee does daily for punters (customers, clients) is repetitive and boring, a consequence of division of labour as a result, the least disappointed are people that treated their careers as marriage of convenience (marriage contracted for financial reasons not for love) regarding the compensation they get in wages as more important than anything else as for employers, they are more or less the same, that is, bureaucratic as they share in common system of rules, hierarchy of authority and specialization in their structures.

Specialization creates an imbalance between those with superior domain-specific (subject/field) experience, knowledge or skill in one word experts and those without or novices respectively and thus justifies the exclusion of the later.

Example: Medical field
  1. Orthopaedic surgeon is for prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disorders of the bones, joints, ligaments, tendons and muscles.
  2. Plastic surgeon is for repair and reconstruction of missing or damaged tissue and skin.
  3. Neurosurgeon is for disorders of the central and peripheral nervous system.
Domain-specific experience, knowledge or skill is not transferable across domains, and thus, orthopaedic surgeon is justifiably excluded from plastic and neurosurgery jobs respectively and the other way round.
In other words, if you want to make a career out of something, you must have to become a master of it as being a jack of all trades and a master of none will not get you far.

Correlation between qualifications and careers

Qualifications, specific or general, when they strictly refer to Knowledge one has acquired not Certificates with Grades to show one has completed required schooling or training from an officially recognized or authorized institution at an expensive university degree level or equivalent cheaper but limited higher vocational or apprenticeship serve as absolutely necessary minimum entry requirement to most traditional careers, meaning, career aspirations must match your educational goals, do not leave school at 16 with no more than compulsory General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) qualifications, follow your native folks into locally available, traditional occupations of elementary nature as that is most likely what you will end up doing throughout your adult working life or worse on and off the dole.

facts and figures:
The subjects that you choose and pursue into further and higher education have influence on what you can and cannot do, the likelihood of getting a job and ease of switching careers later on, use the links below to learn more:
  1. Post-16 subjects.
  2. University subjects
universities, teaching and courses

Rank matters! There are leading universities and others, the advantage of the leading is the affluent, well-connected home and international students they attract, a priceless alumni, a social capital in an institutionalized form as the network can only be created by attending a specific institution, as for teaching, university is where you do self directed learning and academics with power and control validate your work, as for courses; there are tens of thousands offered without warranty where a prospective student alone is responsible for his/her choices, the easiest way to choose courses is through subjects.

You should pursue a degree only if is absolutely necessary to your chosen career as not only it has a shelf life of no more than five years these days but also in most instances is a big investment with poor returns even loss.

career choice

Now you have read all the above, you must have realized, you do not need to fuss or worry about any career and therefore to choose, simply, refer to the subjects you are currently taking in a classroom, luckily throughout secondary education before you sit for your GCSE exams, your education is general not specialist and thus covers all or almost all the subjects, use job profiles to write down a shortlist of jobs that sounds interesting to you, pick the job you like most based on expected universal real rewards that you can see, touch or experience, such as, salary and fringe benefits, security, promotion opportunities, working conditions and environment as are known facts not personal rewards that have to do with your mind and feelings, such as, enjoyment, appreciation, opportunity to utilize one's abilities, sense of challenge and achievement, recognition and fair treatment that are nothing more than pleasant extra things.

'Choosing a career is one thing, ending up doing it is another'. Success is hinged on preparation. To have a good idea of what preparation involves, read how to get a job